Who is authorized to officiate the Bnai Noach Oath-Brit
Answers by Moshe Kerr.
Please describe who is authorized to officiate the Bnai Noach Oath-Brit before the Safer Torah? How does one become a qualified officiator to witness such a serious Oath?
It seems to me that any person can go before a Safer Torah on Shabbot, even better go in a group of at least three and pledge to abide by the Torah commandments in front of his/her peers. If all the peers who stood and made this pledge at the time of the public reading of the Safer Torah on Shabbot, I would consider them as valid witnesses, in the process of forming a Bet Din, at a later time, of laymen for the specific purpose of Cut a Brit with the Elohim and with their allied Bnai Brit peoples.
Obviously a Bet Din of laymen does not qualify as a "court" to authoritively rule upon the intent of the language of the written Torah.
However a Bet Din of laymen can formally witness a person making an Oath-Brit while standing before a Safer Torah, and rule that So and so the son of So and so has formally sworn before Elohim and man to accept the Oath-Brit responsibilities and relationship with the Ancient of Days.
The burden of Cut a Brit has to be upon the hearts of the people Cut a Brit and not upon the hearts of the witnesses. The Bnai Noach non-Bnai Brit people are not dependent upon 3 shabbot observant laymen and/or rabbis to agree to form a Bet Din. Its very important for non-Bnai Brit people to know that Rabbis are laymen, Judaism does not have a clergy in the christian sense. A Rabbi is just someone whose learned enough Torah to gain the respect of his peers. Some Rabbis learn to a sufficient degree to become qualified to become a diyan/shofet/judge but not all Rabbis are qualified to become judges. Irregardless, any Bnai Brit person that keeps shabbot has the qualification of forming a laymen's bet din. The Bnai Noach folk equally can do the same.
with respect Moshe
Now this has raised another question.
You are now saying that Bnai Noach do not need to go before a Bet Din of Rabbis, that it can be a Bet Din of Noachides?
Billy Jack Dial
Billy Jack Shalom,
The best way, to make the Oath-Brit is holding a Safer Torah while standing in front of a Jewish Bet Din. But if for what ever reason a Jewish Bet Din can not be formed to achieve this Bnai Noach purpose, then a non-Bnai Brit people can go as a group to a synagogue on Shabbot and while the Safer Torah is out for the weekly reading of the Torah, the different members of the non-Bnai Brit peoples can witness that the other non-Bnai Brit people of the group pledge to keep the commandments of the Torah while standing in front of a Safer Torah. Once this group has done this, this same group can now form a layman's Bet Din of Bnai Noach, and acquire a Safer Torah for the Bnai Noach people and commence to swear the formal Oath for other non-Bnai Brit.
Consider Moshe the man of Elohim our Teacher, after he put together the Tabernacle of the Congregation and the Divine Presence filled the place, Moshe could not enter into the Mishkan. This surprising occurrence is how the book of Sh'mote closes. Why? One way to teach a deep idea entails making a parable that forces the audience to make a comparison to something all together different and thereby gain a deeper understanding of the compared thing by means of the parable. This is called the משל and the נמשל. Before the sin of the calf the Torah speaks in detail of the mishkan and the garments of the priests and after the sin of the calf the Torah speaks in identical detail of the mishkan and the garments of the priests. Why the repetition? The Midrash teaches that the Mishkan encompassed the entire act of Creation. The halacha concerning the 3 divisions of Priests, leviim and Israel, that the division of Priests and leviim would travel to Yerushalim to do their "avodah" in the Temple while the division of Israel would remain in their local domain and at the time of the offering up of the sacrifices read from the Torah concerning the act of Creation. The Talmud teaches, as I understand the gemarahs, that the purpose of Creation centers upon distinguishing an אום טהרה from the אומות טמאות. The Mishkan repetition shares a parable/comparison unto the lands of Israel. Bloodshed profanes a land, the work of the Mishkan centers upon bloodshed! The sacrifices being a dedication to fill the land with just ruler-ship whereby the inhabitants of the land share a brit relationship with one another and therefore the land remains clean because the emotional attributes of its allied peoples are clean. The parable picture of the Temple is so strong that many simple people error and forget the parable/comparison relationship and thereby consume their focus upon the parable - thereby losing the entire intent of the deeper teaching. Once the non-Bnai Brit folks become a new creation as a Bnai Brit people these sons and daughters of Avraham must require an oath border defined land of their own. The bottom line of the Torah being, filling the Bnai Brit lands with Bnai Brit peoples and ruling these same lands and peoples with justice. For this reason the Elohim created the world, for a land full of justice - within the borders of this land rests the Divine Presence the Elohim of Adam, Noach, Avraham, Yitzak and Yaacov. Consider the parable, a hasidic rebbe makes a blessing over wine and his talmidim take that wine and pour a drop of the rebbe's wine into their wine bottles thus making their common wine into "blessed wine." The comparison: that the Bnai Noach peoples because they establish just ruler-ship within the borders of their own lands by means of the wisdom of Torah, their lands become "Blessed Lands" by the oath of Elohim to give unto Avrahams descendants the inheritance of the land of Israel.
Returning to the first parable of the Mishkan: Just as Moshe the man of Elohim our Teacher could not enter the Mishkan so too he could not enter into the lands of Israel! This type of logical comparison constitutes as a primary Oral Torah. The written Torah lacking the essential Oral Torah can not be properly understood nor interpreted. People Bnai Noach after you cut a brit you shall absolutely require teaching of the Oral Torah. I am a small rabbi but am prepared at my own expense to establish a school in the Golan to teach the Oral Torah unto serious Bnai Noach scholars for the explicit purpose of producing Bnai Noach Judges. If your looking for a great Rav to teach you Torah, you need to look some where other than myself. But what little I know how to access the Oral Torah for the purpose of understanding the intent of the Written Torah - this I am prepared to reveal unto the allies of my people. Oral Torah to my limited knowledge has never before been transmitted unto any non Israel people. But if your prepared to cut an Oath-Brit and risk placing upon yourselves your children and all you posterity the curses and blessings of the Torah then measure for measure I am prepared to reveal the Oral Torah unto the Bnai Noach Judges.
with deepest respect Moshe