Togarmahite Nation

From Wikinoah English
Jump to: navigation, search

Togarmah (Armenian: Թորգոմ/T’orgom ; Georgian: თარგამოს/T’argamos) were the original Y-DNA Haplogroup C-M217 Karluk-speaking proto-Turkic Nations; See Ezekiel 27:14, 38:6. The classical authors did not distinguish them from other Gomerites and simply referred to them rather sloppily as simply "Cimmerians". The Arcasids of Aparnoi and Dahae were also this "Gomerite" extraction, though it is not clear whether the Hebrew word פרס refers to this Parthia or to Elam. Among the Arsacids, the nation were also known as “Tor-Gom” because they were the offspring of Tiras and Gomer whose descendants belong to Y-DNA Haplogroup CM217. Juansher's "Concise History of the Georgians" goes into detail about how they threw off the yoke of the Nimrodians.

Written between 458 and 464, Egishe mentions that to the north of the land Chora (the Derbend pass) lived the Hunnic Hajlandur (hajlandur'k) nation. They already had a 'royal clan', that is, tribal aristocracy, and Christianity was beginning to spread among them. They maintained connections with the Kushans. In 454 a young Hajlandur at the service of the Persian ruler Yazdgird II (438-457) ran away to the Kushans, warned them about the forthcoming Persian attack and thus contributed to the victory of the Kushans. According to A.D. Gadlo the identification of the Hajlandurs with the Aguandurs is confirmed by a fragment of the history of Egishe, preserved in the 10-th century Armenian author Moses Kagankatvaci, where the country of the Hajlandurs is called Aguandria (Aluandria), that is, country of the tribe Aguandur. These were the Alan Sarmatians often confused with the Ossetian Hebrews (called Khazars by Juansher) of Uovbos.

The "Thraks" may have also descended from Togarmah.

Josephus identifies these people with the Phrygians (see Gomer). Other sources have Barberia (Targum Yonathan; Targum on Chronicles 1:6), which some identify as Germania, Barbara, or Britannia. Indeed there are sources that render Togarmah as Germaniki or Germania (Yerushalmi, Megilla 1:9; Bereshith Rabbah 37; Targum on Ezekiel 38:6). There are other sources that identify Togarmah with the Armenians (Keseth HaSofer) or Turks (Abarbanel). Indeed, in a modern sense, Togarmah is used for Turkey. The name Togarmah corresponds to Tegarma, found in cuneiform inscriptions, referring to an area near Carchemish in Armenia.

The Tocharian Ashinas were the descendants of Cimmerians who had learned a "Centum" language while their ancestors were in the Ukraine from Anatolian language speaking refugees from Troy, such as the Etruscans.

Page 19 of "The Jews of Khazaria" by Kevin a. Brook (1999) says that Togarmah's children were

Zarna (Tarniakh),
Kozar (Khazar),
and Sabir.

Also in his letters, King Joseph ben Aaron, the ruler of the Khazars, writes: "You ask us also in your epistle: "Of what people, of what family, and of what tribe are you?" Know that we are descended from Japhet, through his son Togarmah. I have found in the genealogical books of my ancestors that Togarmah had ten sons. These are their names:

the eldest was Ujur (Agiôr - Uyghur),
the second Tauris (Tirôsz - Tauri),
the third Avar (Avôr - Avar),
the fourth Uauz (Ugin),
the fifth Bizal (Bizel - Pecheneg),
the sixth Tarna,
the seventh Khazar (Khazar),
the eighth Janur (Zagur),
the ninth Bulgar (Balgôr - Bulgar),
the tenth Sawir (Szavvir/Szabir - Sabir)."[1]

This similarity might confirm a connection of origins between Anatolian and Caucasus peoples.

In Jewish sources too Togarmah is listed as the father of the Turkic peoples: The medieval Jewish scholar: Joseph ben Gorion lists in his Josippon the ten sons of Togarma as follows:

  1. Ungari (Uyghur)
  2. Tilmac (Tilmic/Tirôsz - Tauri)."
  3. Aliqanosz (the Alans)
  4. Buz (Uauz)
  5. Pacinak (the Pechenegs)
  6. Turqi (Ashina Gögtürks)
  7. Kozar (the Khazars)
  8. Ragbiga (Ragbina, Ranbona)
  9. Bulgar (the Bulgars)
  10. Zabuk

In the Chronicles of Jerahmeel, they are listed as:

  1. Ugar (Uyghur)
  2. Tulmes (Tirôsz - Tauri)
  3. Alan (the Alans)
  4. Buz (Uauz)
  5. Pasinaq (the Pechenegs)
  6. Turq (Ashina Gögtürks)
  7. Cuzar (the Khazars)
  8. Kanbinah
  9. Bulgar (the Bulgars)
  10. Zakhukh

Another medieval rabbinic work, the Book of Jasher, further corrupts these same names into:

  1. Ongal (Uyghur)
  2. Tilmaz (Tirôsz - Tauri).
  3. Elicanum (the Alans)
  4. Bid (Uauz)
  5. Parzunac (the Pechenegs)
  6. Tarki (Ashina Gögtürks)
  7. Buzar (the Khazars)
  8. Ragbib
  9. Balgar (the Bulgars)
  10. Zebuc

In Arabic records, Togorma's tribes are these:

  1. Andsar (Ajhar) (Uyghur)
  2. Talmisz (Tirôsz - Tauri)
  3. Asz-alân (the Alans)
  4. Adzîgher (Adzhigardak?).
  5. Badsanag (the Pechenegs)
  6. Fitrakh (Ashina Gögtürks)
  7. Khazar (the Khazars)
  8. Nabir
  9. Bulghar (the Bulgars)
  10. Zabub

The Arabic account however, also adds an 11th clan: Anszuh.


Genghis, the Ashina Gögtürks descendant from the Ashinas and the gigantic women of Ogygia who settled in Phanagoria was of this lineage. The name Genghis is related to the word Ogygia both meaning Oceanic.

External links
  1. Pritsak O. & Golb. N: Khazarian Hebrew Documents of the Tenth Century, Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press, 1982.