Emir Ambrus

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Emir Ambrus (634-644) also known as Khalid (Arabic) or Amr (Coptic) or Amrh (Armenian) was the Sadducee-Ishmaelite leader of Tachkastan.

Before he came to power, his Sadducee-Ishmaelite predecessor (Abu Bakr) invited him to conquer the Persian allies of Al-Hira in 633 forcing the Banu Qabisah to serve him as spies.

After he came to power he led Tachkastan against the Patriarchate of Jerusalem in 634.

During the invasion of Gaza it is said that he forced the Byzantine soldiers to kneel and demanded they renounce Christ or be beheaded.

He imposed the 12 lunar month calendar according to the Standard Islamic Narrative which is identical to the Sadducee calendar used since the collapse of the Sanhedrin in the 4th century.

Sophronius surrendered the Patriarchate to him in 636. He went on to conquer the Patriarchates of Antioch and Alexandria.

He favoured Monophysites and appointed the Monophysite Armenian Patriarch Abraham I as Patriarch of Jerusalem in 638.

He invited the Monophysite Syriac Patriarch John of the Sedre to explain the Christian doctrine to him. As a result he wanted the NT to be translated but without any reference to Jesus as Christ nor to Baptism nor to Crucifixion. In the end he accepted an uncensored translation.

Before he died he considered the Monophysite Coptic Pope Benjamin the holiest man he had ever met and had come to be known by the name Umar having adopted the Tawrat Edom. Other sources refer to him as Muhmad (Syriac source) or Mahmet (Pahlavi & Armenian sources).

Leo the Isaurian said he was one of the authors of a new religious Tome for the Ishmaelite Hagarim with the help of Abu Turab and Salman of Fars.

He left a collection of narrations for his daughter Hafsa.