SOJOURNERS / PILGRIMS / GERS / MAGHARIANS / MAGARITES
Children of Noah from among the Umot HaOlam who are called to honour the G-d of Abraham Isaac and Jacob are known in the Torah as הגרים (Hagarim or Ha-Garim or Ha-Gerim or Ha-Geirim). Judeo-Arabic scriptures refer to them as משלם. The Kenites are called Salamai in the Targum of Rabbi Onkelos. Augustus Caesar was like one of the Salamai because he sent gifts to the temple. The court of the gentiles was built for them.
The word "Hagar" meaning the Sojourner is the epithet given to Keturah which was changed in an attempt to distinguish Hagar from Keturah by the Karaites around 1000 years ago when the Karaites inserted the Nikudot into the Masoretic text. Keturah came from Hagarim (Noahites) so Hagarim are not physical descendants of Keturah.
Sojourners are categorized into the three different levels of Noahism:
- Chokhmei Umot HaOlam anywhere.
- Chassidei Umos HaOlam who subscribe to a Jewish Makom.
- Tzadikei Umos HaOlam who have joined the Nation of Priests.
They were very dominant during the 7th century where they were called Magharians or Magarites. Some practiced Edomean Judaism while others were Ishmaelite Sadducees.
Just as there are three categories among Hagarim there are three categories among Ishmaelites.
In the Muslim category are all Ishmaelites who observe the Sharia of Noah.
In the Mu'min category are all the Ishmaelites who reject non-Jewish teachers in favour of Jewish teachers.
The third Ishmaelite category are Gerei Tzedekim (Sadducees). Sozomenus described the religion of the Saracens in the 5th century saying that they descended from Ishmael and their religion if any different from Judaism was only because of the passage of time and their interaction with non-Jews.The Ishmaelites should have belonged the same Sadducee religion as Alexander Janneus albeit of a different minhag due to the years of separation and interaction with non-Abrahamites. The Karaite Jews from Edessa could not convince the Sadducee Ishmaelites of Tachkastan to unite with them in religion until they helped the Ishmaelites rule the country. The problem was that the Ishmaelites had existed as Hagarim without teachers for so long they were reluctant to accept Jewish teachers.
Anastasius of Sinai (died 700CE) confirms the Judaic practice of the Ishmaelites. He writes angrily of some Saracens, "who had expressed their disbelief and blasphemed the holy place, its icons and its crosses". He ridicules them, saying that "no such miracles had occurred in any other religion, or in any synagogue of the Jews or Arabs."
Just as there are three categories among Hagarim there are three categories among Edomeans.
In the Muslim category of Chochmei Umot HaOlam are all Christians who observe the 7 Laws of Noah. They form the main body of Edom.
In the Mu'min category of Chassidei Umot HaOlam are all the Eye of Edom who reject non-Jewish teachers in favour of Jewish teachers. Unlike the Muslim category of Christians, they believe that they should do whatever the Pharisees say because the Pharisees sit in the seat of Moses. They believe that the flesh counts for nothing and do not worship any created flesh and instead worship God in spirit and truth. They regard the Messianic Sephirah Yesod/Yeshua Sar HaPhanim as the resurrection.
The third Edomean category are the Gerei Tzedekim (Sadducees). They used the Synagogues of Beit Alpha, Beit Shearim and Hamat Tiberias.