Difference between revisions of "Yazdânism"
Latest revision as of 11:52, 13 August 2009
YazdĂ˘an is the endonym for the Harranians and should be merged with that page.
YazdĂ˘nism or Cult of Angels (also YazdĂ˘ni or Yazdanism) is a modern term for the monotheistic, though universalist, religion that was practiced by most Kurds up to the Islamisation during the sixteenth century. YazdĂ˘nism involved a belief in incarnation as well as 7 angelic beings which defend the world from their equal and opposite number. In Kurdistan a fair estimate still claims Yazdanists being close to one third of the population. They are the Sabians of Harran described in Maimonides' Guide for the Perplexed and mentioned in BahĂĄ'Ă writings and in the Qur'an as Sabeans. The name YazdĂ˘nism derives from the Persian language word YazdĂ˘n, or E-zad, meaning god .
YazdĂ˘nism may have once been known as HĂ˘k or Haq, in reference to the primary deity or "universal spirit". Long interaction between Zoroastrianism and YazdĂ˘nism has left many similarities between the two religions.
This religion is known as "RAE HAQ" (Way of Truth).
Today YazdĂ˘nism is split into three branches:
- Alevism (northwestern Kurdistan, Turkey and the Syrian coast)
- Yarsani (southernmost part of Kurdistan, western Iran)
- Yazidi (central Kurdistan).
Mutual exchange and contacts between these branches are infrequent and members of the three groups are often not aware of their origins.
- Indo-Iranian religion
- Indo-European religion