Sefer Torah

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Sefer Torah (ספר תורה in Hebrew: "Book of Torah" or "Torah Scroll") (plural: Sifrei Torah) is a specially hand-written copy of the Torah or Pentateuch, which is the holiest book within Judaism and venerated by Jews. It must meet extremely strict standards of production. In its completed state it is stored in the holiest spot within a synagogue called the Aron Kodesh ("Holy Ark", usually called "the Ark", a reference to the Ark of the Covenant), usually an ornate curtained-off cabinet or section of the synagogue, which is usually built along the wall that most closely faces Jerusalem, the direction faced by Jews when engaged in prayer.