The following is a collection of legal rulings concerning the Bnei Noach from a wide variety of sources. The only requirement is that they must be given by a Rabbi who follows halakha. They many not agree with each other and no context for the ruling is given.
These rulings are collected here for information puposes only, you should consult your own Rabbi before relying on any opinion stated here.
The intention is to list the rulings in the same order as topics in the Shulchan Aruch. It should reflect the daily, yearly and lifetime cycles of living. The events occuring more frequently coming before events occuring rarely.
Types of Rulings
Noahide legal rulings are composed of three kinds of rulings.
- The Seven Laws - the basis of all proper religion and belief
- Expansion of the Seven Laws - derived laws from the first seven, either through logic or comparison with Jewish law.
- National Laws - rules of equity that shall be appropriate for a particular country, merchants and trades regulations.
There is an opinion that there should not be one Code of Law for Noahides, but perhaps many codes of law for each of the Seventy nations, where each Code of Law would reflect the national character of that nation. In this case, the details of the decisions -- particularly where they concern the third type of Noahide law above -- may be different from nation to nation.
Rabbi Jacob Anatoli (1194-1256) in HaMelamed put it this way:
- When the Noahites were enjoined concerning Justice, they were put under obligation to create legal arrangements .... It is incumbent on the judges to draw up rules of equity that shall be appropriate for that particular country, as exemplified by the manner in which this matter is handled currently by the nations, severally. Likewise, it is incumbent upon merchants and upon the members of the trades to establish regulations for themselves... and whatever emerges as the law in this manner is law, as much as that which is written in the Bible. Furthermore, anyone violating this law violates Scripture, because Scripture commands the individual to accept the decisions of the contemporary jurists. The dictum, "The law of the land is the Law," relates to this concept.
- Prayer under Noahide Law
- Prayer garments for non-Jews must not have the Tzitzit
- Covering one’s head during prayer
- Commandments Dealing with Personal Matters in Noahide Law
- Concerning Food in Noahide Law
- Naturalist in Noahide Law
- Vegetarianism in Noahide Law
- Consumption of Alcoholic Beverages in Noahide Law
- Keeping Healthy in Noahide Law
- Ethical Behavior and Moral Values in Noahide Law
- Marriage and Sex in Noahide Law
- Arts in Noahide Law
- Pastime and Recreation in Noahide Law
- Working For A Living in Noahide Law
- Studying Science in Noahide Law
- Patriotism in Noahide Law
- Vows, Oaths and Pledges in Noahide Law
- Embarrassing in Noahide Law
- Hitting another person in Noahide Law
- Property, Goods and possessions of others in Noahide Law
- Returning lost property in Noahide Law
- Prohibition against cheating in business and weights in Noahide Law
- Coveting other person’s property in Noahide Law
- Bribery in Noahide Law
- Charity in Noahide Law
- Prohibition of kilayim and Bnei Noach
- Commandments Concerning Honoring G-d in Noahide Law
- Sabbath in Noahide Law
- Candles lit in the home
- Washing hands for bread
- Yom Kippur in Noahide Law
- Succot in Noahide Law
- Hanukah in Noahide Law
- Passover in Noahide Law
- Shavuot in Noahide Law
- On The Importance Of Doing (Fulfilling and Carrying Out)
- Commandments Dealing With Matters Between Man and G-d
- The Laws of Belief
- The Prohibition Against Doing Anything that Contradicts the Belief in One God
- The Prohibition Against Insulting or Offending the Honor of G-d
- Explanations and Philosophy in Noahide Law
- Prohibition Against Influencing Others to Sin
- Grace, Mercy, Charity, Kindness and Benevolence
- Gossip in Noahide Law
- Divorce in Noahide law
- Capital Punishment in Noahide law
- Martyrdom under Noahide Law
Interaction with Jewish Law
- The Noahide Oath
- Noahide doing Melacha on Shabbat for a Jew
- Non-Jews are assumed to be Noahides by Jewish law now-a-days.
- One is not allowed to create a new religion
- Quoted by Reuben Margolioth, Margolioth Hayarn. Jerusalem: Mosad Harav Kook, 1958, volume 11, page 20. (Sanhedrin 56b, section 9.)