Divorce in Noahide law
The Jerusalem Talmud recounts that there is no formal divorce according to Noachide law. The rishonim understand this in three completely different ways. Some claim that this means that divorce is legally impossible for a Gentile and once married there is no way to end the marriage. Others maintain that the Talmudic passage means that there is no formal process of divorce, and either spouse can end the marriage by simply leaving the family unit. Yet other authorities insist that in Noachide law a man may never divorce his wife -- but she may divorce him at will.
- Jerusalem Talmud Kiddushin 1:1; see generally Malachim 2:16.
- See Chedushai haRaN Sanhedren 58b; see also Penai Yehoshua, Kiddushin 13b who insists that this applies even after the death of the spouse.
- Maimonides, Ishut 1:1-2 and Malachim 9:8
- Opinion of Rabbi Yochanan, Bereshit Rabbah 18:5 and see also commentary of Rashi on id for an elaboration on this.