There has been much less halachic literature written about Islam compared to Christianity. It has been suggested that this is due, in part, to the fact there has not been in the way of substantial polemics directed at Islam.<ref>Much of this article is based on 'Islam and the halacha'' in ''Judaism: A Quarterly Journal of Jewish Life and Thought'', 6/22/1993, Author: Shapiro, Marc B.</ref> Almost all halachic authorities follow Maimonides and rule that Islam is not idolatry. Many halachic authorities disagree with Maimonides and rule that Muslims enjoy, at least in part, the status of a ''[[Ger Toshav]]''. Although concerning both these points there are major halachic authorities with dissenting opinions. The most serious issues with Islam from a Noahide point of view is the non-acceptance of Jewish scriptures and the "[[replacement theology]]" of the Prophethood of Muhammed. The Brisker Rav said that for Muslims to be considered Noahides, they must accept the 7 mitzvos because Hashem commanded it at Sinai. Additionally, they must honor the prohibition of "shfichas domim".
==Islam and the halachah==
This question has been dealt with above.
====The [[Hajj]], Facing Mecca and Shechitah====
As late as the fifteenth century, we find that R. Simeon ben Zemah Duran (''Tashbez'') ruled that Islam itself was not idolatrous.<ref>She'elot u-Teshuvot Tashbez, vol. 2, no. 48.</ref> but he also ruled that a shohet to was not permitted to slaughter animals while facing Mecca.<ref>Ibid., vol. 3, no. 133.</ref> because he regarded the Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca as being of an idolatrous nature.<ref>Keshet u-Magen (Jerusalem, 1970), p. 19b.</ref> Of course, there is a difference between the view of the ''Tashbez'' and R. Nissim quoted above. Where the ''Tashbez'' was concerned with the remnants of the pre-Islamic period, R. Nissim's objection appears to be directed at what he considered to be pure Islam, not including any pre-Islamic pagan remnants.
:Narrated Abdullah Ibn Umar: A group of Jews came and invited the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) to Quff. So he visited them in their school. They said: Abu Qasim, one of our men has committed fornication with a woman; so pronounce judgment upon them. They placed a cushion for the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) who sat on it and said: Bring the Torah. It was then brought. He then withdrew the cushion from beneath him and placed the Torah on it saying: I believed in thee and in Him Who revealed thee. He then said: Bring me one who is learned among you. Then a young rabbi<ref>Islamic tradition says the young rabbi was Abdallah ibn Saba. Modern historiographic research identifies this rabbi as Heman ibn Shallum, the 38th Jewish Exilarch (de jure), who was a youth at the time. Heman ibn Shallum was deposed in 642CE in by Caliph 'Umar in favor of Bostanai.</ref> was brought..."
==Islam as a Noahide Faith?===
Some have speculated Prophet Noah (pbuh) is clearly seen as a lawgiver in the Qur'an. It is taught that what the [[Mesani]] refer Almighty Lord reveals to the Seven Laws of Prophet Noah, but this is impossible (pbuh) He also revealed to prove.the other Prophets and the Prophet of Islam (pbuh):
15* Surat Ash-Shura 42.87 And 13, "He has laid down the same religion for you as He enjoined on Noah: that which We have bestowed upon thee revealed to you and which We enjoined on Abraham, Moses and Jesus: 'Establish the Seven Oft-repeated (verses) religion and do not make divisions in it.' What you call the Grand Qur'anassociators to follow is very hard for them. Allah chooses for Himself anyone He wills and guides to Himself those who turn to Him."
17* Surat Nooh 71:22 — Prohibition of Idolatry #1, "We sent Noah to his People: 'Do thou warn thy People before there comes to them a grievous Penalty.'"
17Some have suggested that the seven [[Mesani]] refer to the Seven Laws of Noah:23 — Prohibition of Blasphemy #2
17:32 — Prohibition of Sexual Immorality #4* Surat Al-Hijr 15.87 "And We have bestowed upon thee the Seven Oft-repeated (verses) and the Grand Qur'an."
17:33 — Prohibition * Surat Az-Zumar 39.23 "Allah has revealed the most beautiful Message in the form of Homicide #3a Book, consistent with the Oft-repeated (verses)."
Surat Al-Isra'# 17:22 Take not with Allah another object of worship; or thou (O man!) wilt sit in disgrace and destitution. <br>'''— Prohibition of Idolatry #1'''# 17:23 Thy Lord hath decreed that ye worship none but Him, and that ye be kind to parents. Whether one or both of them attain old age in thy life, say not to them a word of contempt, nor repel them, but address them in terms of honour. <br>'''— Prohibition of Blasphemy #2'''# 17:32 Nor come nigh to adultery: for it is a shameful (deed) and an evil, opening the road (to other evils). <br>'''— Prohibition of Sexual Immorality #4'''# 17:33 Nor take life - which Allah has made sacred - except for just cause. And if anyone is slain wrongfully, we have given his heir authority (to demand qisas or to forgive): but let him not exceed bounds in the matter of taking life; for he is helped (by the Law). <br>'''— Prohibition of Homicide #3'''# 17:34 Come not nigh to the orphan's property except to improve it, until he attains the age of full strength; and fulfil (every) engagement, for (every) engagement will be enquired into (on the Day of Reckoning). <br>'''— Prohibition of Theft #5'''# 17:35 Give full measure when ye measure, and weigh with a balance that is straight: that is the most fitting and the most advantageous in the final determination. <br>'''— Imperative of Legal System #7'''# 17:36 And pursue not that of which thou hast no knowledge; for every act of hearing, or of seeing or of (feeling in) the heart will be enquired into (on the Day of Reckoning). <br>'''— Prohibition of Limb of a Living Creature #6''' (see Surat al-Ma’ida 3, Surat al-Baqara 173 for direct prohibition. The prohibition of blood mentioned in 2:173; 5:3)
17:35 — Imperative of Legal System #7 17:36 — Prohibition of Limb of a Living Creature #6??? (although prohibition of blood specifically mentioned by Concerning the term "Muslim" which means "submission", it should be noted that in the Torah, everywhere the 2:173; 5:3) 39word "Kenite" used, it is translated to Aramaic as Salamai or Muslamai.23 Allah has revealed Some suggest this refers to the great numbers of non-Jewish believers who came to sacrifice the most beautiful Message Qurban Shlamim in Jerusalem together with the form of Jews. Salamai, Musalamai, Muslims. This could be a Bookclear indication in our literature that Islam is an ancient religion, dating back to second temple times, at least. And if Islam's roots are the same as what we call ''Bnei Noah'', consistent with then it is much older, it is the Oft-repeated (verses). 71:1 We sent religion of Noah to his People: "Do thou warn thy People before there comes to them a grievous Penalty, and Adam himself."
==Sheich Palazzi's Speech at the Conference on Noahide Council==
==Bibliography==
* Abraham Geiger (1810–1874), "Was hat Mohammed aus dem Judenthume aufgenommen?" (1833).
* Reinhart Dozy (1820–1883) "Die Israeliten zu Mecca" (1864)
* Rabbi Abraham I. Katsh's "Judaism and the Koran" (1962)
* Judaism: A Quarterly Journal of Jewish Life and Thought, 6/22/1993, Author: Shapiro, Marc B.
* Moshe Perlmann, "The Medieval Polemics Between Islam and Judaism," in S.D. Goitein, ed., Religion in a Religious Age (Cambridge, Mass., 1974), pp. 121-122, 126. and
* Ronald Kiener, "The Image of Islam in the Zohar," Mehkerei Yerushalayim be-Mahshevet Yisrael 9 (1989): 43-65 (English section)
* Abraham Schreiber, "Yahas Hachmei Yisrael le-Istam," in Itamar Warhaftig, ed., Minhah le-Ish (Jerusalem, 1991), pp. 276-292.
* Regarding [[Karaite Jewish]] attitudes, see Haggai Ben-shammai, "The Attitude of Some Early [[Karaite Jews|Karaites ]] Towards Islam," in [[Isadore Twersky]], ed., Studies in Medieval Jewish History and Literature (Cambridge, Mass., 1984), Vol. 2, pp. 1-40.
* Regarding Islamic influence on Jewish practice, Naphtali Wieder, Hashpa'ot Islamiyyot al ha-Pulhan ha-Yehudi (Oxford, 1947).
* [[Islam]]
* [[Noahide Law in the Qur'an]]
* [[Jewish Sources Halakhah of Shammai in the Qur'an]]
==References==

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