Bakr Proto-Karaites of Iraq
This article theorizes that DIHYAH's FATHER KHALIFAH AL-KALBI was NEHEMIAH BEN HUSHIEL the chief mamed of a Proto-Karaite sect that recruited a type of Noahite (Tsabi) called Hagarim from among the mainly Zoroastrian, Manichaeans and other Gnostics (Hanifs) such as the Harranian Quraysh. One of those Noahites was to be Mehmet the Ishmaelite.
- NOAHITES (HAGARIM)
It should be noted, that Judaism does not mind whether there is any truth or not to what non-Jews believe as long as their beliefs are compatible with Judaism. Noahite faiths are always artificial constructions. The reason is because it is assumed all religions come from Noah anyway so they are all nothing but corruptons or preservations of the Truth. Hence all one needs to do to find the Truth again is redeem the corrupted faith by correction/redaction/editing of those elements which are incompatible. In ths sense, if that is what an Arabian man did to Arabian Gnosticism then he would have been considered as having done God's work from a Jewish point of view. However, we can not know if this happened because all we have is Uthman's work and the opinions of Islamic historians.
- DIHYAH'S FAMILY
The identification of Dihyah's Father Khalifah Al-Kalbi with Nehemiah ben Hushiel comes from the fact that the only person in history known to have been referred to by a word meaning Khalifah before Abu Bakr was Nehemiah ben Hushiel who is called Caliph (Ostikan) in Armenian. The Standard Islamic Narrative (SIN) that the Gabriel who used to teach the Quranic Materials looked practically identical to Dihyah himself, leaves us only with the rational dedcuction that he must have been a very close genetic relative to Dihyah like Father or twin Brother since Dihyah was too young to have a son old enough to fit the role. If Dihya's Father was Nehemiah ben Hushiel, then the Gabriel in question must have been Dihyah's probably Twin-Brother.
This article also theorizes that it is very possible that the sect of proto-Karaites we are referring to were the QURAYZA who joined the Parthian Allies of Heraclius in 622 against Sassan until they were exterminated by Mehmet the Ishmaelite in 627 in the tragic irony of using their own words against them, sickening many of his followers who had worked out that Gabriel was not a messenger from heaven but in reality just a messenger from the Qurayza.
- QURAYZA BELIEFS
Nehemiah Ben Hushiel's Qurayza, like all Proto-Karaites were Hebrews, but not regular Jews. They were related to the Samaritans and Falashahs etc., and like the Samaritans and Falashahs etc., considered themselves spiritual inheritors of the earthly Kingdom of Israel. Like their relatives, they often (but not always) harboured a degree of disrespect towards regular Jews whom they regard as elitist snobs. Christians did not refer to Arabia as ferax heresium (Mother of Heresies) for nothing and Proto-Karaites came in all sorts: Ananites; Ukbarites; Isawites; Essenes; Ebionites; Nazarenes; Nasoreans; Ekhasites; Sadducees; the list is endless. Each sect had its own peculiar set of beliefs. Some, like the Ukbarites, were like Messianic Jews or Nasara. Abu Hanifa can certainly be regarded as a kind of proto-Karaite whose distinguishing beliefs included acceptance of the New Testament and the Islamic Ieso as G-d's Aeon (Rasul) and G-d's Word (Kalim) and Spirit from G-d (Ruh) born of a virgin (Marym). Just like other proto-Karaites, his sect also had a complex view of certain other Jewish sects some of which they regarded as fellow Guides and some of which they referred to as Judas (Yahud) while trying to gain adherents from the Bani Israel (Zera Israel people). Abu Hanifa seems to have preserved this tradition while starving to death in prison where he helped Anan ben David establish the Ananite sect obviously not regarding him as a Judas. Specifically, the term Judas seems to have originally referred only to ex-Christians who had abandoned Ieso for forms of Judaism which regard every Ezrakh as a child of God.
- QURAYZA NOAHITES
As the Qurayza's Noahites it was natural for Hagarim to look-up to the proto-Karaites for guidance referring to them as Alazeena Haadu. The Noahites regarded themselves as Sarah's Kin and as very distinct from their Arab subjects. Even the heavily Arabized Quraysh Hagarim did not consider themselves Arabs whom they looked down upon as the worst hypocrites and disbelievers.
- QURAYZA QURAN
Because Nehemiah ben Hushiel's sect of proto-Karaites that Abu Hanifa descended from spoke Imperial Aramaic and Pahlavi they were readers of the Imperial Aramaic Targumim of the Hebrew Miqra which in Aramaic is called the Kareyana from which comes the Arabic word Koran. The Hebrew Miqra predated the Tanakh which was only canonized around 200CE.
- QURAYSH QURAN
One of the Qurayza's Noahite tribes was the Quraysh who had originally been Zoroastrians. Long after the demise of the Qurayza, as the Quraysh became more influential, they decided to gather and translate the vanishing Targumim into Intelligible Arabic but most of the Targums had already been lost so the Quraysh might have ended up inventing a lot of it as they went along.
While many Noahites themselves (being from Christian backgrounds) observed the Divine Office of the Liturgy of Hours (which became the 5 prayer times) the proto-Karaites only practiced Salat 3 times a day. The Qurayza used to perform Havdalah for the Hagarim but this was eventually lost although a form was revived by certain Alids.
Some proto-Karaites were governed by a clerical office called a Ma'amad or Hakhamate perhaps originally under Nehemiah ben Hushiel who was appointed by Khosrow following his execution of Exilarch Haninai in 591.
Just like the Isawites, and for claiming descent fron Abraham, the Qurayza referred to their Hakhamate as the "Nabi" (Abraham Hanifa) and there were very particular marriage rules which applied to the Nabi Clerical Class also known as the Ahl ulBayt. The rules were similar to the Yukhasin categories observed by other Jews and to those which pertained to the Feudal class in Europe.
- VARIOUS OTHER PROTO-KARAITE IDEAS
As mentioned above, there were an endless supply if ideas from the Proto-Karaite groups. To cover them all in detail is beyond the scope of this work. Only those which appear to be relevant to our story shoukd be mentioned.
One such idea suggests that Idumeans as people of Esau accepted Christianity regarding Ieso as a sort of "Moses" for the children of Esau in much the same way that Moses was accepted as by the children of Jacob as their special prophet. According to the same theory, Hagar's children were also awaiting their "Moses".
Other proto-Karaites would have considered that Ieso in the Quran refers not to Rebbe Yehoshuah Minzaret but to Plony Yeshu HaNotzri Ben Stada who they nick-named in Hebrew "מסיח" meaning "distracting" not regarding him as Moshia' (Messiah). That has become the standard medieval Karaite view. This idea was coupled by others with the idea that he should regarded as G-d's Messenger to the Idumeans and later also the idea that Mehmet the Ishmaelite should be regarded as G-d's Messenger to the Ishmaelites.
All sorts of ideas held by the various proto-Karaite sects could have easily transferred onto the Qurayza's Hagarim after the male Qurayza were eliminated forcing Hagarim to look to others if Alazeena Haadu for guidance.