Hanif, (plural Hunafa'/Hunefa') meaning reformer (inclined/converted/turned) refers to anyone who follows Abraham's Torah. The term was used to refer to the Jew friendly platonists, rationalists, and Heathen/Pagan Monotheists who practised Hanputa, up until the time of Thabit ibn Qurra. Dante extended this religion of "The Ancient Just" to include Salahudin. The Arabic word "Hanif" occurs in its original Aramaic form as "Hanpa" in the Peshitta  where it very clearly indicates a type of non-Jew concerning whose food, there is no fear of it being traif, unlike people in the subsequent line. The very Jew friendly platonist Julian "the Apostate" was so fond of Jews he hoped to help them rebuild the Temple and was also known as a Hanpa in Syriac. Mani the founder of Manichean Nasaariyah originally followed hanputa and much to his annoyance continued to be called Hanpa by his enemies even after he turned against it going on to establish his own religion which spread very quickly among the Tsabians from Egypt to China.
All these references are to the Tsabiah Hunafa, i.e. the children of Noah (modern English "Noachites  ") who are disciples of the ear-awl Mulevi Rabbanin, which include the Hunefa (plural of Hanif), a Torah observant mahul Abrahamite as well as the areil Toshav deaconate both ordained by an appropriate Imramic order of the Ahl ulBayt such as the the Hawariyun. Rabbanin may recognise men and women who have received ordination through apostolic succession in Christian traditions but only if the candidates adopt the ear-awl of the Mulevi loyal to the Hawariyun and must prove to have perfect Tawheed (monotheism) in Aqeedah (Theology) before they are recognised. The Rabbanin constitute a non-denominational priesthood for الصابئين, المجوس, and النصارى. All clerics gain the title Mursal. Single men and women in the clergy under the age of 40 are called sons and daughters. Married men and women under the age of 40 are called Mothers and Fathers. Men and Women over the age of 40 are called Brothers and Sisters as are their spouses. They aree also called Mahmudan.
The word Tsabi itself means worshipper. Because Tsabis more than any other spiritual group have usually been open to the teachings of the Hunefa (Tsabis who adopt the teachings of the Hunefa being called Tsabia Hunefa' or Toshavim) Hunefa' and Tsabis have frequently been confused. Tsabiah Hunafa' have even referred to their religion as Hanputa. A period of fasting in the month of Sagittarius, the reading of the Zabor, the use of the sun for Qiblah, and regular daily salat, but not circumcision are all things preached unto the children of Noah as Tsabiah Hunafa' by the circumcised Hanif priesthood. Circumcision is therefore the sign of the priesthood alone and is discouraged among non-clergy. Similarly Torah observance is reserved for the priesthood alone and not for the disciples.
Three days and nights every year, the circumcision take part in a private paschal retreat. At such times the Shakir and the Toshav serve as lay ministers.
Every Hanif is a Rabban, Mulevi, and Abdaulam. They are either circumcised or not but all, both male and female wear the ear-awl of Mulevi in their left ear. Circumcised are called Ansaar, Nazir, and Hawar, uncircumcised are called Toshav. One can not be a Hanif without circumcision and or ordination (women are not circumcised).
The word Hanif comes from Hanputa, meaning re-orientation/reconciliation/turning-back-towards divinity, is a priesthood for corrected (Noachified) indigenous religion or spirituality, like for example Theurgy. The Theurgist Thabit ibn Qurra called his religion Hanputa  and clearly inferred the same religion as Julian the Apostate and the ancient Just. The Ancient Just were mainly Greek philosophers but also many others who Church Fathers could not accept would be condemned to eternal damnation simply for having "been born before Christ's triumph". Hence the doctrine of the Harrowing of Hell was developed to deal with this otherwise injustice. There was however a love/hate perception of Hanputa among Church fathers who needed to look down upon Hanputa because it once represented the only real non-Jewish non-Christian monotheistic competition respected even by Idumeans and Manicheans.  The writings of Julian the Apostate highlight the competition. But Theurgy is only as much Hanputa as non ministers are the Church. In truth they are the Tsabiah Hunafa, essentially indigenous or "heathen" Monotheists and their way is Toshavut, a way only for non-Abrahamites  as exemplified in Torah not only by Toshav Lot, but also by he who became the first Hanifa, Abraham, and of course by the Qenite Toshav Shuaib Jethro. It might equate with the controversial "Apostasy" that Saint Paul of Tarsus preached to the gentiles in 2Thessalonians 2:3 and which Pre-tribulation perspective Christian Theologians identify with rapture  being departure/detachment from the world. Abrahamic Qaraim encourage non-Abrahamites to be completely indifferent, impartial unmoved, by the criticism that their quest for God has made them into heretics, for this can be the point of departure/detachment from the world   Julian the Hanif  and many Tsabi'un  in the time of Abu Kazim  followed Hanputa, hence, when Abu Kazim said "not a divinity but the divine"  Abu Lahab called him a Tsabi  . However, as time passed, most Tsabi Hunafa had joined the Islamic movement leaving mainly only Tsabis who did not follow the Hunefa'  . Thus, the Quran, according to traditional tafsir, makes it clear that only those Tsabi'un who follow Hanputa will undoubtedly be saved . Maimonides seems to use the term Tsabi to refer only to those non-Hanif Tsabi'un (Chochmei Umot Ha Olam) congregants to whom he who became Hanifa Abraham was sent  . For those who did follow Hanputa he created the term Tzadikei Umot Ha Olam  . This distinction between Tzadikei and Chassidei Umot Ha Olam concerns a pledge of allegiance the same distinction between Mu'min and Muslim respectively in the Quran  . The Torah equivalent of Tsabi'un who follow the Hanputa are called Hatoshavim , while in Greek records they are called Theo-Sebeis or Sebomenoi Ton Theon  to distinguish them from other Sebeis. Although Mani was an apostate from Hanputa, his commentators still called him Hanif even after he left it behind , and their usage of the term was intended to be derogatory. Hanputa is thus not as Crone and Cook suggest  the religion of Abraham's followers described in the book of Jubilees  , but the religion Abraham followed.
Any Tsabi (chochmei/ger/sebomenoi/muslim) can say "la ilaha il allah", that is easy. But only a Hanif (chassidei/toshav/theosebes/mumin) will fathom its deeper meanings. Tsabi'ism was the original religion of the ancient Indo-European (perhaps even Nostratic) Pantheon which acknowledged a supreme essence or quality without which no beings could be gods. Besides Hanputa and Polytheism, three other main groups descend from Tsabis, namely Idumeans (Yahod) who sought to synthesize Jewish and Tsabi beliefs, Manichaeans (Nasaari), and Messianists (Majus). A contextual understanding of the Quran is very very important. It is not possible to understand Quran perfectly if one does not realise that it the ultimate compilation of the Oral traditions of the Haverim .
From Islamic sources alone, it is honestly not quite possible to distinguish Hanputa totally from Tsabiyah. It is only clear that the elite among the Tsabis where Hanifs while the majority of the Tsabis eventually (as Muslims became less tollerant) came to be criticised as Mushriks. Tsabis were the people of Noah to whom Abraham was sent. They were said to be the original source between Idumeans, Manichaeans, and Messianists in religious observance. They believed in a kind of Astro-theology which their ulema took very seriously resulting in their very advanced use of mathematics, their elite initiated sages were the Hanputa who observed Deism, Ramadaan, Qiblah, and Salah reading Zabor. The first Hanif was Ibrahim. David, 3isa, Abu Kazim and now also Jonathan Sachs have all behaved as Hunefa'. The belief was that although salvation was not beyond any person's reach as all decisions rest with The Divine, only those who followed the Hunefa were guaranteed salvation. Not much is known about those who were Mushriks though it is presumed that they were in fact Idumeans who had adopted the term Tsabi (as the Mandaeans) later in order to escape persecution. It is important to note that Hunefa' and their descendants are not infallable beyond reproach. Lot, the children of Israel, and even Mani are all examples of Hunefa' who went off the rails. But a Hanif gets only one chance at Teshuvah.
The first to arrive here passed down to his descendants the knowledge of where we came from. Y-chromosome evolved in Eden before being transported to the Paradise of our galactic core. Among Chinese Tsabis this is the transportation of Monkey to Guard the peach of knowleged in Paradise. In Paradise the galactic arm divided into 4 branches: 1) The Scutum-Crux Arm is Pishon, 2) The Norma-Cygnus Arm encircling constellation Kush (Aries) is Gihon, 3) The Perseus Arm East (i.e. Galactic North) of constellation Osiris is Hiddikel, 4) The Carina-Saggitarius Arm is Euphrates.
Sometimes a Kohen is not a Patrilineal descendant of Aaron. There can be many reasons this could come about. One could be levirate marriage between uterine half-brothers. Another could be as a result of an Oved-Kohen being freed.
These things are possible only in Halakhah of Shammai.
- Syriac Etymological Dictionary, though generally translated, sloppily, as simply "apostasy" because of similarities in etymology. The agent ܚܢܦܐ "Hanpa" occurs in the Peshitta e.g. 1 Corinthians 10:27 in the sense that it can not mean apostate. Obviously the meaning has been twisted -perceivably as Hanputa presented an alternative monotheism to the version provided by the Church, a Hanpa representing a rival priesthood which would have to be discredited.
- Noahism is a useful term to use in reference the concept of monotheism for Hatoshavim and Hagarim. Qaraei "Noahism" is based upon the laws which the Tanakh mentions in relation to Hatoshavim and Hagarim. Meanwhile, Talmud Rabbinical opinion in Beth Hillel Halakhah generally categorizes the laws into prohibitions concerning what can be summed up as sexual immorality, tearing creatures, homicide, theft, bad theology (blasphemy), obsessing (idolizing), and general lawlessness. That the specifics were not that different in HaLakhah Beth Shammai too is reflected in the fact that this was the exact interpretation the early Church Fathers had inherited for Acts 15.
- see also the quest of Zayd ibn Amir ibn Nufail the Hanif. During his quest he was a Tsabi, but by the end of it he was a Hanifa. Narrated Ibn 'Umar: Zaid bin 'Amr bin Nufail went to Sham, inquiring about a true religion to follow. He met a Idumean religious scholar and asked him about their religion. He said, "I intend to embrace your religion, so tell me some thing about it." The Idumean said, "You will not embrace our religion unless you receive your share of Allah's Anger." Zaid said, "'I do not run except from Allah's Anger, and I will never bear a bit of it if I have the power to avoid it. Can you tell me of some other religion?" He said, "I do not know any other religion except the Hanif." Zaid enquired, "What is Hanif?" He said, "Hanif is the religion of (the prophet) Abraham who was neither Idumean nor Manichean, and he used to worship None but Allah (Alone)" Then Zaid went out and met a Manichean religious scholar and told him the same as before. The Manichean said, "You will not embrace our religion unless you get a share of Allah's Curse." Zaid replied, "I do not run except from Allah's Curse, and I will never bear any of Allah's Curse and His Anger if I have the power to avoid them. Will you tell me of some other religion?" He replied, "I do not know any other religion except Hanif." Zaid enquired, "What is Hanif?" He replied, Hanif is the religion of (the prophet) Abraham who was neither Idumean nor Manichean and he used to worship None but Allah (Alone)" When Zaid heard their Statement about (the religion of) Abraham, he left that place, and when he came out, he raised both his hands and said, "O Allah! I make You my Witness that I am on the religion of Abraham."
- Unlike Tsabiah Hunafa, modern Hunefa' are required to uphold all 613 mitzvot not just the سبع المثانى, although a Jew may adopt the way of a Tsabiah Hunafa if impoverished.
- Pre-millennial rapture theology Dr. Thomas Ice, Pre-Trib Perspective, March 2004, Vol.8, No.11.
- However, Talmudists do regard Qaraim as Heretics.
- As Julian the Apostate was known in Arabic from the Syriac Hanpa. This is because he was in fact a Hanif Tsabian however, and not a member of the Hanif clergy.
- Tsabiun first appear in Elam as the audience Elxai preaches to. Some have equated them with the Sampsaeans. They followed the path of the Budasaf, awaited Mitrea, and ranged from Egypt to China. It seems evident from the demographic data that they were the audience that Prophet Mani was quite successful in swaying.
- The common name for Alnabi of Arabia (PBUH) now called Mahomed.
- Essays could be written about this slogan's neoplatonic undertones, but for a good start please reference Ibn Masarra, Muhammad ibn 'Abd Allah (883-931).
- Narrated by Rabi’ah ‘ibn ‘Ubbad, ‘Ibn Jurayi (d. 767), and ‘Ata ‘ibn Abi Rabah (d.732). I contest that the, the Banu Qurayza, Banu Nadim, and Banu Qaynuqa Idumeans were all Tsabians and probably converted the Shabaean Banu Khazraj and the Banu Aws to Hanputa. The Banu Qaynuqa are the ones who returned to Harran and were later discovered at the time of al-Mamun.
- Ibn al-Qayyim, Ahkaam Ahl al-Dhimmah vol 1 pages 92-98, a fact corroborated by Maimonides
- Qur'an 2:62, 5:69 both make it clear that only those who believe in the divine and the next life
- Maimonides Guide for the Perplexed
- Maimonides Laws of Kings and their Wars, Chapter 8 para 11
- Quran 49:14 "قالت الأعراب آمنا قل لم تؤمنوا ولكن قولوا أسلمنا ولما يدخل الإيمان في قلوبكم وإن تطيعوا الله ورسوله لا يلتكم من أعمالكم شيئا إن الله غفور رحيم"
- The Tanakh mentions Hatoshavim as a class of Torah observer alongside Hagarim. Since Hagarim are equated with Maimonides' Chassidei Umot Ha Olam, the next class from this logically therefore equates to Hatoshavim. Prato and Fratini have suggested an etymological connection between the roots *صاب and *שב and even *σεβ. Interestingly enough, Toshav is similar to Teshuvah which is similar in meaning to Arabic Hanifa
- see for example "Jews and Godfearers at Aphrodisias"
- Zum Problem der Sabier und Ḥanīfen
- Jubilees 20
- Talmud Bavli, Bava Metzi'a p.59 b