Gnostic Astrotheologists, such as, but not exclusively, the Tsabis (Budasab's Astro-Angelology), Mages (Zartosht's Gnostic-science offshoot e.g. alchemy and astronomy), the Naṣoreans (Collyridian "Queen of Heaven" Mithraeans), and especially the Hinduised Herodians from Judaea ('Uthra Mandaeism). All of them were attempts to stem the descent of surviving branches of Meskiag-Ashur's personality cult into Ashuriku (polytheism). All branches believe in a Maitreya-Kalki/Mithra-Saoshyant/Metatron-Joshua type future hero respectively.
Herodians tended to have a special veneration for a Hasmonean relative to Yahia Iuhanan (Ha-Matbil) known as Mariamne who they considered as the Queen of Heaven consort to Uthra. Naṣoreans on the other hand tend to venerate her as the Queen of Heaven mother of their Messiah. Both groups reject Torah and most of the Nevi'im but do read from the Ketuvim as well as their own sacred texts. They were members of a non-priestly congregation that counted Jeremiah as an early leader. Key teachings are that sacrifices were created by the priesthood to feed the Priests, and are not in accord with God's Law. For following the teachings of their own selected Prophets above the Priestly rituals, they were referred to as Minim (heretics) by Rabbinic Judaism of the Mishnah. They were originally composed at least partly of Jews (viz., Samaritan-Israelis i.e. genetic descendants of Aram's Cuthites) only by nationality who lived in Gilead, Basham, and the Transjordan.
With the emergence of these latter two "Judaizing" gnostic sects in Judaea, the Hawari sages were forced to employ Simeon Kepha to establish the Noachite system of the Ancient Just in order to emphasise the difference between the clerical nation and the lay nations. The lay nations were encouraged to live according to the spirit of truth, and if they did would be advocated before God as worthy of immortality by Heaven's earthly representatives. At first, the gnostics, however, criticised the Hawari promotion of The Spirit as mere a mere literary messiah, but as the mission began to succeed, they reacted violently against such efforts and plotted treacherous military campaigns against them. Nevertheless, these campaigns backfired. After the battle of Khybar, the surviving Herodians melted away into an underground movement. According to Abu Yusuf Absha' al-Qadi, the Caliph al-Ma'mun of Baghdad came accross a mysterious people in 830 CE in Harran. Upon being told to identify their religion, they claimed to be Sabians rather than Yahud or Nosaari, though later they used the title Magus and referred to their religion as Hanputa. The legacy of the various Gnostic sects is scattered far and wide, and the campaign of the Haverim to clarify the misunderstandings and dispel the ignorance continues. The Spirit of truth will eventually triumph before the sun consumes the solar system.